Market Assessment

Dairy Value Chain Assessment for Yangon and Mandalay Region, Myanmar, Asia Dairy Network

    Description
    Consumption of fresh (pasteurized) milk has been limited to infants and elderly people. Milk processing is mainly oriented towards producing sweetened condensed milk to supply consumer preferences for tea with added sweetened condensed milk. Milk processing is in most cases done without any official certification or quality control. Domestic production is currently not competitive with imported dairy products. 18,000 tons of sweetened condensed milk have been imported at an average import price of USD 0.973/kg in 2010/111. The average domestic wholesale price level is more than 100% above the import prices and varies between USD 1.14/kg and USD 2.70/kg. Milk for processing is collected via networks of milk collectors. Milk producers are highly reliant on market access which milk collectors are providing. Milk collection with a driving distance of up to 30 miles has been reported.

    Three different production systems can be classified:
    1) Low intensity native cattle systems;
    2) Low intensity Holstein Frisian cross-bred dairy systems; 3)High intensity Holstein Frisian cross-bred dairy systems.

    The most common dairy herd productivity or health problems reported by the herd owners are:
    1) Fertility/reproduction problems; 2) Mastitis; 3) Leg joint and claw problems; 4)
    Digestive tract problems: Ketosis and displaced abomasums; 5) Coughing of cows.

    Disease treatments are done by private veterinarians or the herd owners. Medication is bought from pharmaceutical supply shops and no shortages have been reported. Infectious diseases such as FMD have reportedly occurred in some of the visited herds in the past. Some farmers do not perceive FMD as a major threat and treat FMD symptoms with traditional medication methods. LBVD officers are delivering vaccinations. For twice annual FMD vaccinations
    farmers are charged 1,000MK/shot.

    A main vector for the spread of infectious diseases are the milk collectors. Potential outbreaks are likely to follow the collection network of milk collectors. No cleaning or disinfection of hands or boots is done by the milk collectors.