Synthesis Documents

Africa's Evolving Food Systems - Drivers of Change and the Scope for Influencing them, IIED, 2014

    This paper investigates the ‘megatrends’ shaping African economic, political and social landscapes and asks which ones depend endogenously on processes that are within the realm of policy influence and which ones are indeed exogenous. Based on this analysis, it sketches four plausible scenarios for African food systems and discusses how policy choices will influence which of these scenarios is manifested in the next decades.

    The authors argue that agriculture will still remain an important source of income in the decades to come as growth in non-farm sectors will not grow fast enough to absorb surplus labour. However, agricultural policies should be increasingly complemented by urban planning, industrial policies and measures to improve the foundations of economic growth, such as infrastructure and education.