Synthesis Documents

Moving herds, moving markets. Making markets work for African pastoralists, CTA and IIRR, 2014

    This book documents impacts, good practices and lessons in the marketing of pastoral livestock and livestock products in sub-Saharan Africa. It depicts the types of problems faced by pastoralists in marketing their products, and shows in practical terms how governments, development projects, the private sector and pastoralists themselves can deal with these issues. The book is intended for people working in and supporting livestock chains. That includes traders, community organizations, community facilitators, extension workers, livestock marketing associations and pastoralist groups. It also covers development agents working with pastoralists, donor agencies, business services, educational and research institutions and policymakers.

    Chapter 2 discusses pastoralism in Africa and identifies four key features (mobility, extensive grazing, the use of common land, and local breeds) that enable it to produce food and support livelihoods in some of the world’s more difficult environments.

    Chapter 3 focuses on the markets for pastoralists’ products: livestock, meat, milk, hides and skins. It identifies the marketing chains that pastoralists are part of, and the various actors who play a role in these chains. It also discusses the types of markets they serve, and ways of developing products and markets.

    Chapters 4 to 6 turn to specific aspects of the production and marketing process. Chapter 4 focuses on three types of inputs that make it possible for pastoralists to produce for a market: animal health, feeding, and breeds and breeding. Chapter 5 investigates the services that are required for the marketing chain to function. These include market information, financial services, transport, marketplaces, processing facilities, and quality control.

    Chapter 6 looks at the skills and organization needed for pastoralist markets to function. It addresses three aspects: building the capacity of pastoralists and other chain actors, helping these actors get organized, and issues of gender.

    Chapter 7 turns to the policies that affect marketing by pastoralists. It covers government policies and discusses the best places for development efforts to intervene in order to improve marketing.

    Chapter 8 gives a brief description of each of the 15 cases that this book draws on. These cases are taken from nine countries: Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Ethiopia, Kenya, Mali, Niger, Tanzania and Uganda, and cover the marketing of live animals, meat, milk and leather products. Most of the cases depict a development project funded by a donor or national government, while a few explain how a marketing system has evolved with little or no outside support. Some are parts of much larger, multi-country projects; others are smaller in scope. At the end of the book, we give a short list of references and the contact information of the contributors to this book.