Romanian Business Centres, UNIDO, 1999
This case study describes the operations of three business centres that operate in three different cities and regions of Romania. These centres were established in between mid-1994 and early 1995 to provide information and referral services, training, and counseling to Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs). They were established as private, non-profit organizations by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) with modest, initial subsidies for startup costs, but with a mandate to be self-sustaining thereafter. Through a combination of fees for services, earned income, and local subsidies, they have managed to not only survive but to grow substantially in the four years since.